The vision of the Republic of Moldova on the energy system development is presented in the Energy Strategy of the Republic of Moldova until 2030, approved by Government Decision no. 102 of 05.02.2013. The paper presents specific indicators for the development of the energy sector in the Republic of Moldova in order to provide the necessary basis for economic growth and social wellbeing. In this document, the Government of the Republic of Moldova presents the vision and identifies the strategic opportunities of the country in a rapidly changing energy context in the geopolitical space that includes the region of Central, Eastern and South Europe, Russia and the Caucasus region.
The Strategy lists the key problems of the country that require rapid solutions and the redimensioning of objectives in line with the need to achieve optimal balance between: domestic resources (both currently used and the foreseen ones) and the emergency needs of the country, objectives of the European Union and of the Energy Community and the national targets, international commitments concerning the treaties, agreements and programs (including the neighborhood policy) the Republic of Moldova is party to. The overall strategic objectives for 2013 – 2030 and the specific strategic objectives for 2013 - 2020 and 2021 - 2030 are defined and their implementation actions are specified.
The main objectives of the strategic document are to:
1. Secure the energy supply.
2. Create competitive markets and ensure their regional and European integration.
3. Provide environmental sustainability and fight against climate changes.
The Energy Strategy of the Republic of Moldova refers to 2020 as the year of full integration in the EU internal energy market. In compliance with this objective, the national legislation will be aligned, in useful time, to the Energy Community’s acquis and will be convergent with the EU acquis, which will ensure the legal and regulatory compatibility with these markets.
In the context of energy sector development, the National Action Plan on Energy Efficiency for 2013-2015, approved by the Government by Decision no. 833 of 10.11.2011 is implemented.
This plan is intended to ensure the implementation of the Law on Energy Efficiency approved in July 2010. The Plan is underpinned by the National Energy Efficiency Program 2011-2020 that sets out the overall framework with long-term objectives and is to be supported every three years. This Plan comprises priority actions and measures aimed at reaching the intermediate objective of 9% of energy savings by 2016 and the national objective of 20% of energy savings by 2020.
The energy area is managed in the Ministry of Economy by:
- General Energy Security and Efficiency Directorate
- Energy Efficiency Agency
- Energy Efficiency Fund
- State Energy Inspectorate
- Consolidated Unit for Implementing and Monitoring Energy Projects